Not totally all product that has been taped had been coded. As our focus had been on scripted development, we excluded news that is daily, game shows, sports programs and activities, and paid development, along with all types of commercials as well as other promotions ( ag e.g., teasers for system programs). Although music videos had been taped, they certainly were coded and analyzed individually because of their unique faculties and so are perhaps perhaps not reported right here. The analyses introduced in this paper, nonetheless, do are the video that is nonmusic from cable music activity channels including talk programs, variety/comedy shows, and truth programs.
In addition, suggests that had been incomplete since they started before 3:00 p.m. or ended after 11:00 p.m. are not coded. Finally, episode repeats had been eradicated through the test.
The last test for the 2001 2002 period consisted of 1,276 unique system episodes, whereas the last test for the 2002 2003 period included 1,439 unique system episodes. The test for the 2nd content analysis ended up being significantly bigger than the very first 12 months’s test that we had three episodes of each nonsyndicated series as we made a concerted effort in year 2 to ensure. Despite strict adherence to your sampling plan, extra taping had been required whenever, as an example, brand brand new programs joined the autumn lineup following the start of year to replace for cancelled programs or if the day and time slot for a string ended up being changed.
The codebook when it comes to bigger research had been based considerably from the factors produced by Kunkel and peers (1999, 2001, 2003) within their content analyses conducted for the Kaiser Family Foundation.
We created extra products, including those on exact same intercourse sexual behavior and sexual talk associated with nonheterosexuals. In comparison to Kunkel and peers, whom utilized the scene since the main device of analysis, our content analyses involved coding for intimate content in 2 moment periods of system time. Because scenes differ dramatically in total and, therefore, usually do not offer a continuing device of measure in making comparisons across programs, we utilized a typical coding product centered on time. Coding news development in designated time periods has been utilized often by other researchers conducting analyses that are content different system genres including movies, detergent operas, and music videos (Hazan, Lipton, & Glantz, 1994; Lowery, 1980; Roberts, Christenson, Henriksen, & Bandy, 2002; Roberts, Henriksen, & Christenson, 1999; Sommers Flanagan, Sommers Flanagan, & Davis, 1993; Stockwell & Glantz, 1997; Terre, Drabman, & Speer, 1991).
For purposes with this content analysis, sex ended up being thought as any depiction of sexual intercourse, intimately suggestive behavior, or any speak about sex or activity that is sexual. To be conservative and avoid overcoding content that is sexual communications about intercourse were differentiated from nonsexual communications pertaining to love and relationships, that have been maybe maybe not coded. As an example, a declaration such as вЂњi enjoy my boyfriendвЂќ wouldn’t be coded whereas a declaration such as вЂњI made want to my boyfriendвЂќ could be coded.
exact exact Same intercourse intimate behavior
Every 2 moment period that were coded as containing a minumum of one sort of sexual intercourse tracked in the primary coding task flirting, kissing, intimate touching, intercourse suggested, sexual activity depicted, along with other intimate behavior 2 had been additionally examined when it comes to existence of exact exact same intercourse behavior that is sexual. With this product, programmers utilized a yes/no response format to point whether some of the sexual behavior depicted into the period happened between a couple of this exact same intercourse.
Speak about nonheterosexual intimate problems
Each 2 interval that is minute was indeed coded as containing a minumum of one example of talk through the intimate talk groups utilized in the primary coding task ( e.g., reviews about own/others’ intimate actions or passions, speak about sexual activity which has small tits milf currently occurred, mention sex crimes) has also been coded for whether some of the sexual talk pertaining to nonheterosexuals. With this product, coders once again used a yes/no response format to point whether some of the talk that is sexual the intimate interests or issues of nonheterosexual individuals. Most frequently, such commentary linked to gays and lesbians, although sporadically these were connected with bisexuals.